The Gobi Desert | Mongolia | Climatic variation

The Gobi Desert | Mongolia | Climatic variation

Gobi Desert covering the northern China coast as well as the southern Mongolian region is very famous for snow leopards and arid climatic conditions. The desert spreads over 1.3 million square kilometers and shows extreme weather conditions. Though the desert gets extremely cold in the winter season, there is hardly any snow and rainfall; the name itself means “Waterless place”. Apart from being the fifth largest desert, rare species of plants and animals have also been found here.



Climatic Variation of Gobi Desert:

The Place can be as hot as 122 degrees Fahrenheit in summers and has been recorded as low as 44 degrees in winters. The most exciting thing about this place is that the area is shadowed; this means that there is barely any rainfall recorded due to Himalayan Mountains. Snowfall is seldom seen on northern dues which is a good sign though.  The desert still received precipitation due to its sea level and high winds sweep that crosses round the region even during summers.

Gobi Desert hosts numerous Animals round the clock:

Despite having extreme weather conditions, Gobi Desert is still considered home for numerous animals. This is mainly because the desert is mostly comprised of rocks instead of sand. Jerboa, snow leopards and Gobi Bears are the most eye catching rare species that you can found in this desert. Gobi Bears being one of the most endangered species are being protected by the local government and are fed by their authorities to multiply their genre. Other animals that are often found in the place include camels, wolves, and ibex.



The Desert still favors few plant species to survive:

Afore mentioned climatic conditions would rarely allow any plant species to grow in the region. But luckily there are few plants like Saxaul, saltwort and grass that still catch our attention. The Saxaul plant is rare in its kind and provides water and food to animals living in the area. Its barks can be squeezed to get water, whereas, onions become a source of food for the animals living there. The saltwort plant, on the other hand, is a weed-like plant that absorbs salt as the Gobi Desert is full of salt content and most of the plant species don’t survive in this area because of the same reason.

The first ever fossils and History of Gobi Desert:

It has been widely known that the dinosaurs’ eggs were first identified in this area. There are several other fossil remains found in the region too. It was also a part of the great Mongol Empire that was a renowned empire in the history of the world. The history dates back from 14th Century. Since it covers a vast area, the place has been used as a layover for traders. Additionally, the ever famous Italian explorer Marco Polo also mentioned the place when he discovered it on his journey back from Asia to Venice. The place remains historic because it still is a beautiful region due to its distinctive environment and habitat.

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